|Description:||This guideline has been significantly updated.● The 0–10 point verbal numerical scale in which 0 refers to no pain and 10 is the worst imaginable pain is recommended.● For patients with communication difficulties and dementia, the Abbey Pain Scale is recommended.● Clinical evaluation of chronic pain is covered.● Ambulance clinicians should consider biopsychosocial factors.● ‘Balanced analgesia’ with a multimodal pain plan is recommended by JRCALC in pre-hospital pain management and involves administration of analgesics with different mechanisms of action.● An algorithm on the routes of administration according to pain severity is included.● Pain measurements and re-assessments will help to monitor progress.● New information is provided about Methoxyflurane (Penthrox).|
|Date Update Posted Online:||August 7, 2017|
|Section Title:||Pain Management in Adults|
|Guidelines Print Date:||September 20, 2017|
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